Let’s explore famous natural stone buildings around the world together. Natural stone was one of the first building materials ever used.
The properties of this material were used to decorate the interior and the exterior of buildings. Nowadays, it is used to presser the monuments and renovations in recent architecture projects.
Some well-known natural stones for construction are granite, marble, basalt, clay-slate, and limestone.
The reason why these materials are famous is for water absorption and its resistance.
Another benefit of the natural stone is that it ages beautifully. It is a long lifespan and looks good after several hundred years.
They are suitable for the environment since there’s no need for energy to manufacture them.
Natural stones are useful because they come in a variety of colors and textures.
In this article, we will talk about some of the most famous buildings made of natural stones.
Ancient buildings made of stone
Let’s see some of the most popular ancient buildings that stood out throughout history.
Who does not know this precious and famous monument?
Located in Rome, the Colosseum was the largest amphitheater around back in the time. The construction began in the year 72 B.C was finished in the year 80 B. C during the rule of Emperor Titus.
This amphitheater has 188 meters in length, 156 meters in width, and 57 meters in height.
It was built as a freestanding stadium with a foundation of concrete and stone. This building could provide seating for 50,000 visitors.
Today, each year, 6 million tourists visit it. In 2007 the Colosseum became one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World.
Fun fact: The Colosseum’s arena could be flooded with water to support aquatic events.
Located in Salisbury, England; is a mix of large Larsen stones, built-in six stages between 3000 and 1520 B.C
In 1986, it became a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1986, and today it’s the world’s largest Neolithic stone circle.
The bluestones were carried over 150 miles to reach their final resting place. The incredible fact is that they weigh between two and five tons each.
Fun fact: Experts don’t know how it was built. Some say that was built by aliens and others by wizard Merlin. Guess we have to wait for a better explanation for now.
Ancient Greek Parthenon on the Acropolis
Greeks have left an indelible mark on society.
It’s impossible not to think about Greece if you are talking about history’s great civilization. Perhaps there is no building that evokes ancient Greece more than the Parthenon.
In 447 B. C, they started to build this and took nine years to complete Took 6 years more to add all the decorative elements. The stone used for this building was marble.
Fun fact: The Parthenon was a sanctuary dedicated to the patron saint of Athens.
This was built before Stonehenge. It was used to track the passing of the years with precision.
With stone-forming passageways, the site served as a passage tomb and as a location to perform ceremonies.
Newgrange has 97 large stones around called kerbstones. Some of them are engraved with megalithic art; the most striking is the entrance stone.
Fun fact: The sun’s light enters the passage and shines on the inner chamber on the Winter Solstice. It is only 17 minutes where the sunbeam illuminates the chamber.
The Great Pyramid
Located in Giza, Egypt, this is a building that has been in many movies and books.
With a great history behind, the Great Pyramids were completed in 2560 B. C with over two million blocks of stone. Limestone was used to build most of the structure. The rest is made of granite.
The Great Pyramid is the tallest structure ever built by human hands and held for more than 3,000 years.
This building received thousands of visitors throughout the year.
Fun fact: The pyramids were made of local limestone and the outsides were polished. These stones are used to sparkle in the sunlight, making the pyramid shine like a huge jewel.
Modern buildings made of stone
If we go ahead in time, we could find great buildings made of stones, built-in modern times.
This building is located in the fabulous and important city of Washington D.C. Was built to honor one of the USA’s founding fathers, the ex-president George Washington.
This monument is the world’s largest stone structure standing at 555 feet. It was built before the Civil War in 1848.
Thirty-six thousand stones of marble were used, and if you take a closer look, you can notice that it has two different colors. This is because the marble used came from two different quarries.
Fun fact: The monument is a free-standing masonry which means there is no cement holding the blocks.
Located in the beautiful Barcelona, Spain, it was the last house designed by Gaudí. This house has its unique limestone façade and got the nickname of La Pedrera due to the stone quarry.
In 1984, it was accepted as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The stone façade was a technical breakthrough. However, you can only see the inside if you take the time to visit this popular venue.
Fun fact: Gaudi designed the Casa Mila with natural forms. As a result, not a single angle can be found.
Church of San Giovanni Battista
This church was built in the 17th century and is located in Mogno, Switzerland.
In 1986 an avalanche destroyed the church. The architect, Mario Botta, replaced it for this fantastic design.
White marble and dark gneiss were used to build this building.
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque
This building is located in the luxury city of Abu Dhabi. It combines Moorish, Arabian, and Mughal architecture and is the largest mosque in the United Arab Emirates, designed by Yusef Abdelki.
It’s made of pure bright white marble in the exterior and a warmer off-white marble in the interior. It’s known for holding the world’s largest carpet.
Fun fact: The construction took around 11 years, with the help of 3,000 workers.
This building is located in India, and it’s one of the mausoleums most visited in the World.
A former emperor created this building in memory of his third wife in 1648. Today is an excellent example of Mughal architecture.
The exterior and interior of this building are made of white marble.
It took 22 years to complete this architecture. At that time, the estimated construction cost was a whopping sum of Rs. 32 million, which today will be one billion.
Fun fact: More than 28 different types of precious and semi-precious stones were inlaid into the marble.
Buildings made with stones are massive. People have been using natural stones since the early period of our culture.
These stones are chosen for their durability, attractiveness, economy, or other properties.
The porosity and absorption are well-known attributes of building stones.
Natural stones should be hard and durable. Also, they must be free from weathered soft patches of material, cracks, and other defects. Those are responsible for the reduction of strength.
As you could see, some of the best buildings in the world are made of natural stones. They are usually used as a building material and also for decorative purposes.